The Kwantung army was a branch of the Imperial Japanese Army that was active in China’s north east (Manchuria) from 1905-1945. The name “Kwantung” comes from one of the territories that Japan had leased from China. They were originally posted to protect Japanese concessions won from the Russo-Japan war. One of the most notable concessions from this war was that of the South Manchurian Railway, and gained a 99 year lease to railway. The Kwantung army was made of one unit containing a mere 20,000 men. It wasn’t until after the Mukden incident of 1931 that the Kwantung army grew to any notable size.
The Mukden incident involved the Kwantung army detonating a section of the South Manchurian Railway, blaming the incident of Chinese bandits. The Japanese wished to use this incident as a pretext for bringing more troops into the mainland of China.
( Sorry for the crappy quality picture, but I had to scan it out of one of my books. )
In 1934, Mao and his followers were forced to abandon the Jianxi Soviet due to the pressure from Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang/Guomindang party. Around 100,000 to 80,000 people left from Jianxi and only 8,000 to 9,000 people survived the year long journey through the mountainous terrain to the providence of Shaanxi. These people including Lin Biao and Peng Dehuai became the core members of China’s communist party.
Dear tumblr, do you know what I love? Super awesome communist propaganda art.
This is from the cultural revolution featuring Mao Zedong and Lin Biao. Unfortunately the only thing I remember about Lin Biao is that he has HUGE redonk eye brows, that he was one of Mao’s potential successors, and that he died in a MYSTERIOUS plane crash, which was probably an assassination.